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2014 3

Main subjects

  • Issues of automation, information and communication on transport

  • Development, exploitation and maintenance of the rolling stock

  • The questions of the operation of transportation processes

  • Life safety on transport

  • Problems of mechanics in transport

  • The problem of railway track

  

Abstracts

L.V. Pankratov
Recursive estimate of voltage and current strength in ASDC

The recurrence equations for voltage and AC strength estimate on counting of the measured value in the automated systems of dispatching control (ASDC) are presented. The dependence of the dynamic component of the estimate error of mean square value of the duration of the measurement is considered.
Key words: control of system parameters, recursive estimates

N.M. Lyogky, K.V. Ermakov
Operation management on the basis of modern automation systems

The role of an integrated automation system of operation management in competitive recovery of industrial enterprises is shown. The correspondence of a current state of information technology in the domestic industry to trends in automation development of operation management is considered.
Key words: production, production automation, automation system of operation management, management structure, competitiveness

A.F. Fomin
Asymptotically optimal algorithms and their noise immunity in optimization problems for stochastic dynamical systems at influence of correlated noisy signals with arbitrary known distribution law

On the basis of the algorithm of maximum likelihood in the asymptotic Markov approximation the analytical equations for the output effect of the optimum (quasioptimum) filtering device are received. This device provides the maximum possible signal-to-noise ratio (suppression of non-Gaussian noise, decorrelation of noise and optimum matched filtering of a signal in white Gaussian noise).
Key words: correlated non-Gaussian noise in the Markov approximation decorrelation algorithms

Kh.T. Turanov, E.D. Pserovskaya, D.V. Volkov
Analytical description of movement of freight across the car with relative acceleration at influence of planar system of forces

For the first time in the theory of fastening of solid-state freight the case when the freight makes the movement relative to the floor of the car with the set acceleration and at this moment its speed is also known is considered. Results of the analytical description of movement of freight relative to the car are stated. It is established that at the accounting of force of inertia in the relative movement there will be less shift of freight across the car, lengthening and efforts of each flexible element.
Key words: freight, car, thrust blocks, flexible elements of fastening, freight movement relative to the car

A.S. Kosmodamiansky, V.I. Vorob'yov, A.A. Pugachyov, A.V. Samotkanov, D.A. Bondarenko
Unifying physical model of the traction electric drive with asynchronous motors

The structure and the principles of operation of the unifying physical model of the traction electric drive with asynchronous motors containing the cooling system with the frequency and adjustable electric drive of the fan are presented. Quantitative indices of simulation errors are given.
Key words: electric drive, asynchronous motor, physical model, traction rolling stock

K.A. Sergeev, O. Yu. Krivich, I.N Rusnak
Assessment technique of an of consumer properties of solid-rolled wheels of passenger cars

The general algorithm of an assessment of consumer properties of solid-rolled railway wheels is stated. Formulas for calculation of indicators of consumer properties which allow to determine the life cycle cost of wheels are given.
Key words: consumer properties of solid-rolled railway wheels, assessment technique, life cycle of a wheel

D.A. Yagovkin, O.V. Mel'nichenko, A.Yu. Portnoy, S.G. Shramko
The new rectifier-inverter transducer converter for AC traction rolling stock with the high power characteristics in a traction mode

The force diagram of the rectifier-inverter transducer of an electric locomotive on the basis of power IGBT modules and its control system are described. Such upgrading allows to reduce considerably the reactive power of an electric locomotive at the expense of the change of an angle of phase shifting between input current and voltage, therefore, to increase electric locomotive power factor in a traction mode.
Key words: electric locomotive, thyristor, rectifier-inverter transducer, IGBT module, algorithm, timing charts

V.I. Apattsev, M.G. Lysikov, A.M. Ol'shansky
Application features of neural networks when modeling the transportation process

The approach application-specific of artificial neural networks to operation problems of railway systems, to questions of forecasting and updating of reference data for the train schedule graphing is considered. The main tasks of neural networks synthesis are set and generalities of their designing for railway and transport problems are formulated.
Key words: transport, artificial intelligence, neural network, schedule, classification, adaptivity

A.A. Bychkova
Modern methods of the organization of booking office service

The issues of improvement of passenger servicing on railway transport objects by the means of adaptation and application of the modern equipment and technologies in the field of client servicing are examined. The calculation method of efficiency of application of the passenger queue management system in booking offices is offered.
Key words: passenger servicing, operation of booking offices, passenger queue management system, efficiency of application of queue management system

S.B. Lyovin
Theoretical bases for the formation of management systems of transport enterprise of 3PL and 4PL level

A new approach to the formation of optimum management structure of the transport company providing the high-level logistic services is offered. It is based on the application of the theory of the cluster analysis and composed of several stages.
Key words: logistic provider, logistic service, management structure, cluster analysis

A.S. Gershval'd
Calculation of applications for train locomotives

The mathematical problem definition of calculation of the application for train locomotives in the on-line mode is offered. The heuristic algorithm of information processing using simulation models of current state of the marshalling yard is developed. The task is entered in the information technology of the station traffic controller and calculated on the decision as a part of information system of daily planning.
Key words: optional lines train traffic on the schedule, application, problem definition, solution algorithms

E.K. Autov, V. V. Baginova, S. B. Lyovin, A.N. Rakhmangulov
Balanced operation of empty cars yard

The approach to the operation of empty cars yard by the operator company is considered in the article. This approach is based on the idea of the balance of resource flows. The formulation of mathematical model of the optimization control of empty cars yard on the criterion of a minimum of resource expenses is given.
Key words: empty cars, owner, operator, mathematical model, logistics, flows, balance

A.M. Zavyalov
Application of cognitive modeling methodology for the assessment and the analysis of human factor influence on the train operation safety and the safety of production processes on transport

The possible approach to model construction of the human influence assessment on the functioning of the man-machine systems based on the cognitive modeling methodology is considered. The formalization of procedures for the human influence analysis in the "man-technical system-operational environment" system for their further integration into the risk management system introduced currently in JSC "RZD", will allow to increase the quality and risk analysis assessment, and, respectively, to provide the required level of safety on a railway transport.
Key words: human factor, cognitive modeling, train operation safety, safety of production processes

O.S. Yudaeva, O.G. Egorova, A.S. Gladarenko
Analytical survey of negative influence of noise and vibration in passenger cars on the passenger comfort and working conditions of the service personnel

The operation of the modern equipment and means of transport is accompanied by the considerable noise and vibration level which is negatively influencing on the human health status. From the point of view of safety the noise and the vibration are one of the most general harmful factors in passenger cars.
Key words: noise, vibration, passenger comfort

A.V. Alekseev, Z.A. Birshbaeva
Determination of power inputs connected with the rotation of the transporting element in the lading devices with a rotary-vane feeder

Lading devices with a rotary-vane feeder have a wide circulation as the processing equipment for bulk freight loading in containers. The general technique of determination of power inputs connected with operation of known types of the lading devices with a horizontal axis of rotation of a rotary-vane rotor is developed.
Key words: lading device, bulk freight, stagnant zone, rotary-vane rotor, power inputs, design formulas

E.P. Korol'kov, Yu.I. Golechkov, A.V. Eremin
Stability of the geometric shape of the contacting surfaces of wheel and rail

The problem of increase in a resource of railway wheels and rails is considered. In contrast to known methods it is proposed to exclude break-in modes with high initial wear rate by giving the tread of geometric shape of natural wear-and-tear which corresponds to the wear resistance maximum. Determination methods of optimal forms are constructed on variational principles.
Key words: contacting surfaces, wear-and-tear rate, minimum of power costs, differential equation

A.S. Ilinykh, A.V. Matafonov
Russian and foreign experience of operating rail-grinding of trains

Various technologies of grinding of rails and the main organizational aspects at their realization applied both on foreign and on Russian Railways are considered. The most actual directions of further development of grinding technologies of rails in the conditions of a railway track are presented.
Key words: railway track, grinding of rails