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2012 4

Main subjects

  • Modelling of transport processes

  • The problem of railway track

  • The questions of the operation of transportation processes

  • Issues of power supply on railway transport

  • Life safety on transport

  • The economic aspects of transport complex functioning

  • Development, exploitation and maintenance of the rolling stock

  

Abstracts

V.P. Chervinsky
The movement equations in a cross-section plane of statically unbalanced wheel pair of a rolling stock

The movement equations of a wheel pair in a cross-section plane under the influence of elastic sliding forces in the form of the equations with the periodic coefficients also obviously depending on parameters are received.

L.V. Pankratov
Modelling and optimization of parameters of an automatic control system

Ratios for calculations of parameters of a linear model of an automatic control system on a deviation are received. They optimize a form of transient and improve the implementation accuracy of a given value of a controlled variable. Transients in nonlinear models with restriction on actuating mechanism capacity of an automatic control system are considered. The polynomial law providing smooth change of influence on a control object is presented.

Kh.T. Turanov, N.V. Vlasova, O.Yu. Chuykova
Mathematical modelling of the spring-actuated and frictional absorbing mechanism of a freight car

Results of the generalized model of force interaction of friction pairs in the spring-actuated and frictional mechanism of a freight car are stated. Analytical formulae for definition of constraint force depending on geometric parameters (inclination angles of contact surfaces) of friction pairs in the spring-actuated and frictional mechanism of a freight car are received.

E.A. Kremnev
Influence of parameters of a rail track on defect formation in a head of rails

The reasons of formation of contact fatigue defects (codes 10, 11, etc.) in a rail head on direct railway sections as a result of impact action of a wheel on a rail are considered. Measures for increase in a rail operation life, its reliability improvement and reduction of failure number for these defects are offered.

A.V. Sychyova
Assessment of influence of engineering and geological conditions of the land on the stable operation of a railway track

The classification of engineering and geological factors was carried out. The task of the dispersive analysis of an assessment of the importance of each factor of extent of influence on an indicator estimating a condition of a railway track on the basis of the analysis and systematization of report data (PU 32 form) of indications of track measuring cars of the railways of JSCo "RZD" was put and solved.

L.N. Ivankova, I.S. Bondarenko
Influence of key parameters of a profile of ascent and descent parts of a hump on humping capacity

Calculations are executed, and the influence assessment of radiuses of ascent and descent parts, gradient steepness of an ascent part of a hump on humping capacity is made.

A.S. Gershval'd
Operating planning of performance of train locomotives

Mathematical problem definition of an attachment of locomotives to trains with formation diagram optimum by criterion of providing the maximum number of trains with locomotives with restrictions on terms of their arrival at the maintenance and service station is set. The algorithm of the task solution with use of a method of combinative programming is suggested.

M.V. Gryaznov, A.A. Aduvalin
Reservation of car tyres for ensuring the reliability of transportations without increase in storehouse stocks

Methodical recommendations about reservation of car tyres for the purpose to increase in reliability of transport process excepting the build-up of storehouse stocks are offered. The new method of calculating of expense rates of the tyres based on the dependence of their resource run on the qualification of drivers is presented. The economic effect of the implementation of offered recommendations is calculated on an example of the operating motor transport enterprise.

P.A. Kozlov, O.V. Osokin
Model development of automated calculation of the scheme of train locomotive turnover

The model for automated calculation of the optimum scheme of train locomotive turnover on the basis of a dynamical transport problem is offered.

V.P. Smirnov, V.V. Leksakov, D.V. Sharapov, E.G. Karmadanov
Insulation deterioration of traction electric machines

Determination techniques of the rate of thermal aging and resource of insulation of traction electric motors and asynchronous auxiliary engines of electric locomotives based on the dependence of the chemical reaction rate of insulation on temperature are considered.

I.Yu. Kroshechkina, N.I. Zubrev, V.A. Aksyonov
Cleaning of a soil layer of railway right of way of bacterial pollution

The possibility of the use of the natural sorbent, biological preparations and their combinations for decrease in bacterial pollution of soils of railway right of way of main lines is analysed. The assessment of toxicity of reagents against gram-positive and gram-negative colonies of microorganisms is carried out. Received results proved the possibility of the use of a biological preparation flavobakterin for restoration the health of the soil.

V.A. Aksyonov, A.G. Kholodov, A.M. Zavyalov
Research of on-the-job injury rate with expert systems based on the use of methods of the multivariate statistical analysis

New methods of research of the professional risks being an integral part of any technological process with the human participation are considered.

A.F. Demyanenko
Project development of ecological management systems in hierarchical organizational structures

The technique of project development of the ecological management system in hierarchical organizational structures on the basis of GOST R ISO 14001-2007 standard requirements is suggested.

M.A. Zhuravlyova, N.I. Zubrev
Pollution of the railway right of way in the south-east district of Moscow

The distribution of heavy metals along two railway sections of the south-east district of Moscow is considered. The pollution abatement at removal from the railway regardless of the location of industrial enterprises situated along the right of way, crossing with the Small circular ring of Moscow railway and with highways was revealed.

V.V. Bugreev
Assessment of prospects of the construction sector and definition of a vector of development

The sphere of construction, one of the first, underwent crisis. Consequences of crisis appeared the most appreciable for the construction industry realizing investment programs, demanding considerable financial resources, and also their stable and uninterrupted receipts. The assessment of prospects of construction sector is made, the ways of the development of this sector as a whole and of the transport infrastructure in particular are defined in the article.

G. Gonzalez Luchinin, Ya.G. Kononova
Combination of the lean production concept and information management systems

The possibility of combination of the lean production concept and information management systems is considered. The distinctions and areas of contact places are adduced; the assessment of compatibility of management approaches is given.

K.A. Sergeyev, M.P. Kozlov, V.A. Koturanov
Indicators of innovative engineering solutions on designs of freight cars having numerical estimates

Questions of innovative engineering solutions in the rail car building are examined. Indicators of innovative engineering solutions on the cars having a numerical assessment and determining the efficiency and the safety of this type of a rolling stock of railways are given.