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2013 1

Main subjects

  • Modelling of transport processes

  • The questions of the operation of transportation processes

  • Life safety on transport

  • Problems of reliability and efficiency of transport systems functioning

  • Development, exploitation and maintenance of the rolling stock

  • Transport building

  • Universities transport

  

Abstracts

E.V. Vlasova
About determination of proper frequencies of anisotropic rectangular plates at various cases of fastening of the sides

The approximate method of determination of proper frequencies orthotropic rectangular plates is offered at various structural variants of jamming and free bearing of the sides. Calculations of model problems show efficiency of offered calculation formulae.
Key words: anisotropy, rectangular plates, proper frequencies

A.S. Gorobtsov, S.K. Kartsov, Yu.A. Polyakov
Creation of static characteristics of conventional suspension of the all-terrain vehicle by means of spatial model

The spatial model of the all-terrain vehicle was made. The model enabled to receive the static characteristics of conventional suspensions taking into account real kinematics of suspension elements and features of their installation on the motor vehicle.
Key words: static characteristics, conventional suspension, spatial model of the all-terrain vehicle

D.A. Akmaykin, V.V. Yaroshchuk, M.M. Rusanov
Mathematical model of a motion trajectory of the yacht against the wind and its probable change

The actual topic of the active growth of number of small size vessels (of which about a third is made by sailing yachts) is considered. The certain theoretical and practical training received in nautical educational institutions is necessary to sail the yacht. However naval training for the sailing yacht is not always possible. The software for ensuring the safe navigation is developed for the sailing yacht crew.
Key words: tack, trajectory, wind, spot, route, course, complex, running downwind, polar diagram, sector, crew, objective

V.S. Vorobyev, A.L. Manakov
Process simulation model in the system of end-to-end planning of overhaul linearly distributed objects

The simulation model of formation and the subsequent assessment of end-to-end through planning of overhaul of the track is offered. It considers the process and the organization of track work in hours of train service interruption by machine complexes taking into account their reliability and resource support.
Key words: railway track, track complex, repair, track machinery, simulation, model, productive capacity

Kh.T. Turanov, N.P. Chuyev, O.Yu. Portnov
Mathematical modeling of movement of freight cars on spur tracks of the enterprise

The basis of the developed mathematical model is the concept that the law of rational functioning of spur tracks roads, rhythmical supply, unloading, loading and shipping of production to consumers is fair for each enterprise of the region. The analytical solution of the Cauchy problem for a system of three differential equations with desired entry conditions is executed.
Key words: freight station points, freight enterprise points, cars, not public spaces, solution of the Cauchy problem

L.A. Osipov
Research of automatic control systems with approximating transformation of discrete signals

The application of the linearly - approximating transformation for transient design from compound signals in the automatic control systems described by the differential equations of high orders is considered.
Key words: digital signal processing, discrete processes, discrete-continuous control system

V.I. Apattsev, S.Yu. Eliseev
To a question of design of transport and logistic systems

The current conditions of interrelation between freight owners, transport intermediaries and carriers concerning the rational organization of freight transportation are considered. The concept of "the transport and logistic system" and the ways of synergetic interaction of transport system elements are offered.
Key words: market of transportation services, transport and logistic system, immanence, synergy, CALS

L.B. Svatovskaya, E.I. Makarova, M.N. Latutova, A.A. Kondrashov, N.V. Martynova
Geoenvironmental protective properties of an organic mineral complex from the oil phenolic pollution

Geoenvironmental protective means from the influence of the harmful substances entering into the composition of an organic mineral complex and neutralizing the pollution by phenol, oil products and heavy metal ions are offered. The nepheline anthropogenic product is used for absorption of heavy metal ions, polyacrylonitrile fiber heat-treated at 300 serves as the geoenvironmental protection from oil pollution, a slaked lime is applied for pollution abatement from phenol.
Key words: geoenvironmental protective means, contaminant, phenol, oil products, heavy metal ions, polyacrylonitrile fiber

S.A. Dontsov
Work safety of railwaymen

The use of an integral index of an assessment of the working conditions (including an indicator of job hazard on the workplace, the traumatic level of workplaces and an indicator of supply of personal protection equipment) is offered for an integrated assessment of working conditions at the enterprises of the railway transport.
Key words: railway transport, qualifying evaluation of work places by working conditions, integrated assessment of working conditions, integral index of an assessment of the working conditions

Yu.P. Sidorov, D.S. Safronova
Environmental assessment of fuels on the slag formed in the course of combustion

The assessment of the negative environmental impact at the expense of formation of slag in the course of combustion of solid fuels is made. Calculations for 19 types of fuel of various deposits in the territory of Russia at their combustion in layered coppers of Kirovets and KE brands with different capacities are given. Also for convenience of comparison of negative impact from the slag formed in the course of fuel combustion in coppers the concept of an eco-score is used.
Key words: copper, solid fuel, environment, slag, eco-score

V.A. Aksyonov, A.V. Gorelik, A.M. Zavyalov
Quality management in the Department of Automation and Telemechanics of the Central Direction of Infrastructure

Approaches to the risk management being an integral part of the quality management system are considered. Expediency of improvement of the tools used by the URRAN methodology is stated and proved. At the risk assessment this methodology allows essentially to consider the imperfection of technological operational processes of infrastructure facilities connected with the influence of "a human factor".
Key words: quality management, risk management, URRAN, expert methods, human factor

A.S. Kosmodamiansky, V.I. Vorobyev, A.A. Pugachev
Use of traction electric drives with two- and three-level autonomous voltage inverters

The structures and principles of operation of two- and three-level autonomous voltage inverters are presented. The distinctive features of their operation as a part of electric drives with the direct control system of the moment of the asynchronous motor are shown. The transients in electric drives are considered at a short circuit of power keys or disappearance of control impulses from their gates. The comparative assessment of losses in power keys of inverters is carried out.
Key words: two- and three-level voltage inverters, asynchronous motor, direct control system of the moment, short circuit

V.V. Krishtal'
Certification of specialists of railway construction organizations

According to requirements of Civil Code RF the self-regulating construction organizations are to conduct certifications of engineers and technicians for issue of the competency certificate. The principal models of personnel certification are considered, and the practice of certification in SRO uniting the railway construction organizations, such as NPP SRO "MOOZhS" and NPP SRO "OSOTK", is analyzed in the article. The influence of railway higher education institutions on formation of Uniform system of certification is studied.
Key words: certification, Uniform system of certification, construction, railway construction, SRO (self-regulating organization)

V.V. Asaul, V.M. Shakhov, D.S. Suprunchuk
Problems of an assessment of business reputation of construction companies

The research results of the possibility of overcoming of problems of an assessment and formation of methodological tools for the reputation rating of construction companies are stated. The reputation of the organization must be considered not only as a set of estimated representations of contractors of the organization, but also as a set of objective parameters of the organization (the timely implementation of production, financial liabilities, etc.).
Key words: reputation, rating, construction companies, assessment, influence

L.G. Kopteva, V.A. Nozhnov
Prospects of the distance learning development

The existing legislative basis is analysed, the shortcomings in the sphere of distance learning are revealed, and the investigation in this field is carried out. The guidelines and prospects of distance learning development are formulated.
Key words: authentication, computer-based learning systems, information and computing technology (ICT)